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Mallet Toe

Not many people know about mallet toe. Actually, it is a toe contracture inquisitive form which is also less famous compared to hammertoe. It is technically when toe end part bends downward knuckle which is nearest the nail or the joint. Such distortion is formed due to several reasons and most of the reasons can relate a lot with a person’s foot structure. Another reason is the imbalance which relates among the muscle actions which bend the toe, both upward and downward. The myth says that it is due to too tight shoes. Yet, no matter what the cause is, the result is that one’s tip is bent. This is dissimilar with the major knuckle just like in one’s hammertoe.

Yet, this kind of toe disturbance does not result the same pain in shoes, just like what hammertoe causes. This is because since the toe is not high up against the shoe top. However, it will cause another problem. Mallet toes are forced downwards due to walking activities. When there is a pressure on the toe tip, it can deliver better toe padded bottom. Usually, there will be a callus on the toe tip because of the skin pressure against the shoe. When the skin thickens, it turns out to be painful.

For people who have some problems in diabetics, low blood circulation and so forth, the callus will regularly secrete a skin injury beneath that may be infected and fast progress to the external bone bottom. Mallet toe treatment needs padding under the toe. This is to reduce the direct pressure on the toe tip. Worse problem can lead to surgery as the doctor should straighten the toe. It only takes a simple procedure to generate the straightening progress and it involves the release of the tight tendon that lies under the toe. This simple procedure can heal only with some stitches. When there are more complicated cases, there will be surgery for reducing joint bone for returning the toe into a straightened position. So, there should be no worry when one of our toes experienced such contracture. Almost all podiatrists can deal with this and it is tolerated by all means.

Over Supination

During the gait cycle, the supination is the stage at which our body weight is lifted toward the lateral part of the foot i-e on metatarsal bones of the fingers. This is the action during the gait cycle that propels our body forward. So supination is vital to the walking or running process. The phenomenon that is the part of supination process is the rolling out of the ankle as we lift-off from the ground. It may happen that this rolling out of the ankle is much greater than required or it may occur at inappropriate time during the gait cycle. This may refer to as over supination.

If over supination occurs, thus compromising the rolling out motion of the ankle, it brings with it the severe consequences. As a result of the over supination an extra amount of pressure is placed on the outer part of the foot, this in turn causes the ankle bones and joints to be over pressurized. This can lead to the injury and dislocation of the ankle joint. Moreover it leads to a condition in which the pressure is not evenly distributed throughout the foot thus causing the front part of the foot to work so hard. As a consequence, an improper gait cycle coupled with loss of throughout the lower limbs may occur.

The most common disorder of the kind is the over pronation, as compared to it, the over supination is much less common. It can be present at the time of birth on some people, but it may also occur as a result of an injury or the fact that the tendons are loose in the ankle. In this way the stability and the limitation of the movement are effected to a greater extent. When the ankle get sparained there is a chance that the ligament may get loose that can be cause of such over supination in the later stages of life when the component level in the body begins to degrade. Higher foot arches may also be the cause of over supination.

As the over supination reduces the ability of feet to absorb appropriate pressure, there may be a chance that it leads to a chronic injury that may involve fractures caused by stress and the shin splints in which the muscle mass become sprained and tend to split apart causing extreme pains. So the lower limb areas as a whole become vulnerable as a result of over supination. It may also cause the hip and lower back region to be affected thus causing the problems in balance and posture maintenance of the body and causing pain in the mentioned regions.

The evidence that may suggest over supination is the fact that a person having a problem with the weight distribution will have the more worn down outside of the show than the inside. So if this is the condition, a professional should be consulted to examine the cause in detail.

If a person is confirmed having the over supination of the feet, the condition can be cured by the use of extra soles or the orthotic devices. They distribute the pressure evenly throughout the feet thus causing the ankle to become less sprained. It may be noted that in most of the cases the ready-made orthotics are really good to provide relief, but the best results can be obtained by the use of custom designed devices. This is probably the most effective treatment of the over supination. 

Metatarsalgia

 

When pain occurs in the ball of the foot it is often caused by Metatarsalgia, which is a fairly common affliction that develops when there is inflammation in the metatarsal area of the foot. While pain in the ball of the foot can occur for many reasons wearing high heels or having feet that inclined to over-pronate are the two most common causes of this condition. Knowing why your particular case of Metatarsalgia has occurred is essential for treatment, as reducing pain and inflammation is reliant on addressing the cause of the problem.

The most frequently reported symptoms associated with Metatarsalgia are a piercing pain in the ball of the foot that may be accompanied by a ‘burning’ feeling as well as the sensation that there is a stone in the shoe. Calluses also frequently develop on the ball of the foot from friction caused by uneven pressure points or ‘hot spots’. These types of hot spots are quite common when wearing high heels.

While the condition itself may be quite painful to experience it is often easy to treat, especially when the problem is addressed early on. Orthotic devices are frequently used to support the metatarsal bones and cushion any tender spots that may have developed over time. Orthotics are also extremely effective in correcting over-pronation and re-establishing correct alignment in the feet and lower limbs, thereby reducing tension and pain in the ball of the foot.

High Heels and Pain in the Ball of the Foot

High heels cause a multitude of problems for wearers primarily because of the way they are structured; wearing heels forces 80% of the body weight forward onto the forefoot, which not only places excessive pressure on the metatarsal bones but it negatively affects the surrounding ligaments and tissues as well. It is this excessive pressure placement and the subsequent development of friction points that causes calluses to develop in the metatarsal area of the foot.

These problems are compounded when the wearer must stand or walk for great distances or extended periods of time, which is quite common for women who routinely wear high heeled shoes for work and/or socializing.

It is not only the metatarsal area of the foot that is affected by the structure of the shoe however; the Achilles tendon is often injured through the excessive tightening of the calf muscles, which is one of the most common side effects of wearing heels. It is almost virtually guaranteed. Unfortunately, tight calf muscles cause a ‘pulling’ action to occur in the Achilles tendon, which will eventually impact the functioning of the entire foot.

As you can see, wearing high heels affects the entire limb, from the ball of the foot all the way to the back of the heel. The foot is one of the most complex areas of the body, and one part of this relatively small extremity is functioning at a sub-par level or is injured, it can negatively affect the rest of the body.

Treatment of Metatarsalgia

The best way to reduce pain in the ball of the foot is to wear proper footwear however; most women are unwilling to forego the wearing of heels for personal and professional reasons. While not all cases of Metatarsalgia are caused by wearing heels, many cases are directly related to this type of footwear. This is the primary reason why Dr Foot orthotics were created by a leading UK podiatrist. These particular orthotics were created to restore balance and optimum function to the lower limbs by caring for painful feet by providing maximum support to the entire foot, including the arch of the foot and the tender metatarsal area.

One of the primary benefits that Dr Foot orthotics provide is the correct distribution of body weight over the entire foot, which reduces the amount of stress placed on pressure points on the ball of the foot, thereby reducing uncomfortable burning sensations and pain. Fans of the Dr Foot orthotics have repeatedly stated that these devices make it feel as though a low heel or no heel at all was being worn.

Over-Pronation and Metatarsalgia

Not all cases of heel pain are caused by wearing high heels—it can also be caused by running, dancing, and standing for long periods of time in hard, inflexible shoes. This is one of the reasons that teachers, security guards, soldiers, police officers and farmers are disproportionately affected by this condition. Carrying extra weight also puts excessive pressure on the balls of the feet and can contribute to the development of Metatarsalgia.

Despite the multitude of reasons that this type of pain may develop the second most common reason for the development of this type of pain is over-pronation of the feet, which means that the feet turn in too deeply or for an overly long period of time during that phase of the walking or running cycle. While both pronation and supination of the feet are a normal part of the gait cycle, when exaggerated both movements can become a problem.

Our feet are made up of 26 bones and a staggering array of supporting muscles and ligaments, and 5 of the most important bones in the font are found in the frontal metatarsal region. And while it appears that there is a single arch in each foot there is in fact two—the longitudinal arch, which runs from the toe to the heel of the feet, and the transverse arch, which runs across the foot.
Over-pronation of the feet can cause the longitudinal arch to collapse, which then allows the ankle joint to roll excessively to the inside every time the foot makes contact with the ground. Over-pronation leads to a disproportionate amount of tension being placed on the metatarsal bones. This in turn causes a collapse of the transverse arch, which can weaken the front portion of the foot and cause pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot.
Treatment of Metatarsalgia Caused by Over-Pronation

When treating pain in the ball of the foot it is crucial to minimize the amount of time spent on your feet—this includes time spent standing and walking. By reducing weight bearing activities inflammation is reduced, which is crucial to the healing process. Additionally, footwear must be supportive, well constructed, and provide adequate cushioning at the front of the foot, and going barefoot should be avoided.

Cold therapy (15 minutes of ice applied to the feet every 2 hours or so until pain and inflammation is reduced) is highly recommended. If calluses have formed on the ball of the foot and are causing any discomfort they should be removed as well. Severe or overly developed calluses should be removed by a professional; under no circumstances should you try to remove a callus with a blade or other sharp object.

Orthotic devices are to be highly recommended as well, as they are one of the leading tools in foot care. Orthotics correct sub-par foot functioning, help correct over-pronation of the feet and protect inflamed tissues from excessive friction and pressure. Dr Foot orthotics are top of the line devices that provide superior arch support and effectively reduce the amount of pressure placed on the ball of the foot, thereby significantly reducing the pain and discomforted caused by Metatarsalgia.

Dr Foot orthotics are specially designed to support the front of the foot and cushion the metatarsal bones of the foot, which is a unique design feature that is not included in pharmaceutical grade products. Metatarsalgia requires specifically designed orthotics, and Dr Foot offers a high quality solution for pain in the ball of your feet.

What You Should Know about Metatarsalgia
Metatarsalgia is a somewhat common foot disturbance which develops when one’s foot metatarsal area is inflamed. It can cause pain in the ball of the foot which may be caused by wearing stilettos too often, or one is wearing too tight shoes for several time periods. It is important to know the main cause of the Metatarsalgia because one can determine the best way to cure the problem properly. Usually, the most normally researched symptoms which are linked with this feet related problem is the ball of the foot piercing pain. Some patients can even feel ‘burning’ feeling likewise the feeling that they are stepping on small stones within their shoes. Corns can sometimes develop on it from rasping of rough pressure points which will be very common when a person is wearing high heels.

It is somewhat easy to deal with Metatarsalgia, especially when one can notice the symptoms earlier though the pain is unavoidable. For the best treatment, orthotic devices are mostly needed for giving support to the metatarsal bones. They are also needed to cushion some other sports which have grown up during the time pass by. Those devices are very effective in curing the over pronation while repairs proper alignment in the lower limbs and feet as well as lessening pain and tension which occur on the ball of the foot.

Pain and High Heels

There is no doubt that high heels can deliver various problems for shoe wearers mostly due to their structure. When a woman is wearing heels, the body is forced to weight forward onto her forefoot. It will be strong pressure to the metatarsal bones, yet it affects the tissues and ligaments surround the bones negatively likewise. Corns will develop on the area because of the strong pressure situation as well as the ensuing friction points development. Such problems are combined when the high heels walk or stand for longer period on long distances. High heels are women’s best friends on many occasions—from working to attending any event.

Not many women notice that when they are wearing high heels, it can affect the whole limb. As our foot covers the most complex body areas, and there will be a major impact of the our body when the limb is injured. High heels do not only affect foot metatarsal area but the Achilles tendon can suffer from strong injury if it is exposed to calf muscles tightening. When there is too much exposure on both Achilles tendon and metatarsal area, there will be a strong negative impact to the whole foot functioning.

Step by Step in Metatarsalgia Treatment

As women, high heels should be the compulsory footwear, no matter how uncomfortable it will deliver after they have worn them over longer time. Actually, wearing flat shoes are much better in reducing pain in the ball of the foot. It is true that not all Metatarsalgia cases are due to high heels as there are several examples are related directly to such kind of footwear. It can be the most important aspect why most reliable podiatrists of UK recommend Dr Foot orthotics. Those special orthotics were manufactured in restoring body balance as well as optimizing lower limb function on caring the painful feet by delivering total support to the whole foot. It includes the soft metatarsal area and foot arch.

One of the primary benefits that Dr Foot orthotics provide is the correct distribution of body weight over the entire foot, which reduces the amount of stress placed on pressure points on the ball of the foot, thereby reducing uncomfortable burning sensations and pain. Fans of the Dr Foot orthotics have repeatedly stated that these devices make it feel as though a low heel or no heel at all was being worn.

Over-Pronation and Metatarsalgia

Surely, high heels are not the only reason for causing heel pain. There are several other reasons such as jogging, standing, dancing and even standing for a longer time period when a person is wearing improper shoes. It can be one of several reasons why many people like police, farmers, teachers always have this kind of friction because their occupations urge them to carry extra weight also that forces strong pressure on the feet balls. This can lead to the Metatarsalgia.

Feet over-pronation is one of several reasons why such pain is developed. Our feet are too
Despite the multitude of reasons that this type of pain may develop the second most common reason for the development of this type of pain is over-pronation of the feet, which means that the feet turn in too severely turned in for the somewhat longer time period during the running or walking cycle phase. It is true that feet supination and pronation are normal activities though strong exposure on metatarsal area can bring major problems. This is because human’s feet are composed of overwhelming variety of supporting ligaments and muscles, 26 bones. Five important bones are located in the forward region on metatarsal area. When it seems that there is one arch in each of our foot, there are actually the longitudinal arch and the transverse arch. The first one runs from the toe to heel and the second runs athwart the foot.
Feet over-pronation may cause collapsed longitudinal arch that will let the ankle joint in rolling exceptionally to the inside each time our feet contact directly to the ground. Feet over pronation can lead to an inconsistent tension amount which is placed on the area of the metatarsal bones. It can case the transverse arch collapse that will weaken the foot front portion as well as causing ball of the foot to suffer from inflammation and pain.

Over-Pronation and Metatarsalgia Treatment

Actually, treating our ball of the foot pain is not that complicated as long as we can limit our time in spending too much time walking or standing that forces feet to work harder. The healing process can be obtained significantly when we reduce activities which involve weight bearing so that we can reduce the chance of suffering from inflammation. Another important thing is that our shoes should have good construction with supportive structure as they can deliver proper foot front cushioning. Walking barefoot may be avoided.

It is recommended to have a block of ice to apply on feet for every two hours until there is lessening inflammation and pain. Removing corns on the ball of the foot can be done if they cause any discomfort feeling. Yet, it should be noted that only professionals can remove severe corns and there is no way that anyone can remove it with sharp tools because it is too risky.

Orthotic devices will be recommended by most professionals as they can correct the functioning of sub-par foot. It is also beneficial in healing feet over-pronation as well as protecting inflamed tissues from too much pressure and friction. It is best to consider Dr Foot orthotics as it provides high class arch support which can lessen the pressure amount effectively on placed on the ball of the foot. This device can also reduce discomfort or any kind of pain due to Metatarsalgia significantly. This product is especially designed for giving foot support as well as giving comfort to the foot metatarsal bones. This product has the best solution for Metatarsalgia problem that needs exclusively manufactured orthotics.

Foot pain

 

 

Painful Foot

Painful foot turns out to be an extraordinary circumstance as the result of various causes. For those who suffer from chronic or acute foot pain, it is recommended to visit a podiatrist or doctor instead of curing themselves with risky methods.

Shoes has a great contribution in causing any kind of painful foot as shoes which are too tight, too loose and not well manufactured can lead to improper foot movement. People, sometimes, wear shoes that fit well with latest fashion instead of paying attention on the function. Shoes with narrow toes or stilettos should be avoided though it seems to be the hardest part for most women.

There are several other issues which can cause serious pain or injuries on foot due to several health problems. It is not recommended to do self cure when there is serious pain on foot. The help of professionals is strongly advised.

Painful Foot Main Causes

Sprains

Sprains can happen when there is an excessive stretching on a ligament beyond its recover capacity. There might be no permanent damage though it is painful. It often happens when there is a sudden frequency increased on human’s physical activity or intensity. Or there are some traumas like ankle rolling over. Sprains usually occur on ankles and wrists and they mostly take place on athletes, football players or dancers.

Gout

It is the sort of condition which can develop when uric acid is building up within the human’s body. It forms ‘crystals’ in the big toe joint. It can deliver a discomfort feeling like arthritis which will turn out to cause inflammation. Gout is mostly found on big toe though other toes will be affected later on. Its symptoms mostly similar with the symptoms linked with bunions in which common people are mostly hard to diagnose it well, whether it is gout or bunions.

Available Options for Treatment

Verruca

Known well as plantar wart which develops on the foot bottom, it is not a really serious problem. Yet, it can cause discomfort, especially when one is doing some activities that involve weight bearing requiring bumps pressure. It is able to give pressure to the foot’s tender tissues growth. Verruca is seen as skin’s raised circles with thick surfaces. Yet, the small black circles which are dotted on the growth are basically blood vessels.

There are actually many available options for any kind of painful foot though it requires strong patience. The treatment itself does not guarantee that there will be another wart which can occur again in time to come. The treatment main goal is for removing warts without causing any damage to surrounding tissues. Good treatment will not leave a scar as well. Several topical treatments are able to deliver irritation on skin as well as skin tenderness around the wart. Among the most common treatments include

• Duct tape
• Treatments by topical chemical
• Salicylic acid.
• Warts removal through surgery procedures

Among those treatments, salicylic acid is the most popular ones as it is available in the form of plasters, gels and creams and they are sold freely over the counter. Based on recent researches, there are 90% of painful foot problems can be resolved by salicylic acid treatments. Verruca is also one of several problems which need serious treatments by using salicylic acid. The good thing is that, such kind of treatment is able to ruin surrounding tissues. It means, there should be strong cautions to apply the product.

Salicylic acid will be more effective when a person soakes the painful foot area within lukewarm water while using pumice stone in removing build up excessive tissue. It’s significant that others do not utilize the same tool with you because they can develop their warts likewise. After the process is accomplished, it is recommended in following the guidance on the package. Applying the ointment is the next thing to do though one should use protection like gloves when they apply it. Visiting doctors will be recommended when one experiences a strong reaction towards treatment. Besides, when there is no better result after about three months, it is better to find help from professionals.

It should be noted that avoiding mucous membranes area or face is a must thing to do when applying salicylic acid. Yet, this treatment should be under doctor’s supervision, especially for those who suffer from diabetes , peripheral vascular disorder and poor circulation. This is because they can suffer from complications like tissue and nerve damage permanently.

Bunions

Bunions are known as protrusion of bones which performs at the toe base. They are a common circumstance which affects women compared to men. It starts from the big toe that starts leaning toward the other toes which will cause the first metatarsal bone tip in becoming visible. Such condition mostly very painful and it results on hard walking.

Bunion sufferers have various kinds of treatments like orthotics devices, painkillers and other footwear modification. Surgical procedures may not be recommended when the conditions is not too serious. Surgery does not guarantee satisfying results and there will be some complication risks like foot’s subsequent sub-par functioning as well as infection.

 

Ingrowing Toenail

It can take place when the nail edges grow into the soft tissues surrounding it. It can pierce the skin and it can be very painful because of the redness and swollen skin. When it is not treated properly, there will be infection.

Plantar Fasciitis

It developed at the time there is irritation or inflammation of a thick tendon running from toe to heel. Heel pain is one of the most common symptoms. Plantar fasciitis has several causes, though it is mostly caused by the so-called bio-mechanical issue which is mostly found in runners. Most of cases of heel pain cases can be the damage result of plantar tissues. It mostly occurs that tissue which surround the heel bone are inflamed and irritated at the same time. Heel pain is very common as it brings high discomfort stages when there is pressure on the affected area as a person is walking, running or even standing.

The pain will be very intense in the morning, particularly when plantar fasciitis is the main factor. It goes along with several few steps in the beginning of the day but it will fade gradually afterwards. Yet, the pain can occur intensely again at the end of the day.

Though there are so many treatment options, the process of treatment can be very complicated. In some cases, curing process can be up to a year and a person can go on with prevention methods afterwards. Preventing pain on heel can cover several methods as stated below:

• Calf muscles regular stretching, focusing on the lower limbs
• Using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the short term only
• Using corticosteroid injections only when the pain is too severe
• Wearing properly fitting shoes with proper cushioning and support
• Wearing sport-specific shoes on any physical activities
• Using orthotic devices

As many people can go on well to this kind of treatment, only 10% of patients still feel the long term pain. It can be solved through surgical procedures.

Orthoses

Orthoses are basically the devices in which they fit into a pair of shoes for providing support and cushioning. Another function of orthoses is providing the lower limbs’ proper alignment. Orthoses is not only beneficial for correcting some core problems on heel pain, yet they are very effective in reducing level of pain altogether. Anyone can obtain Orthoses easily on several sports shops as well as drug stores. Yet, orthoses are also available based on custom made or custom designed. They are very much applicable for those who prefer to use modern treatments instead of applying conventional treatments. Orthoses are also helpful for those who find that orthotic devices are not really helpful for minimizing their pain on heels.

It is best to buy regular orthoses on drug stores at first for try out. Not only because it is easy to get, but it is also very affordable. But, keep in mind that the product can be suitable for some people though others may find that custom designed products are much better. One of several famous products is Dr Foot Pro insoles in which they are very effective, accessible and the most important thing is it is affordable.

Other Foot Pain Causes

Nerve

Usually, there will be strong pain when toes nevers are compressed or injured. It can cause cramp as well. The pain commonly being stronger when a person is walking and removing his shoes can bring better relief. Such condition is called Morton’s neuroma. It usually strikes only certain toes like third and fourth toes. However, feet related problem which is caused by nerves is also usually when a person is frequently wearing high heels or when one has flat feet.

Options on Non-Surgical Procedure

When a person is diagnosed for a Morton’s neuroma, then the first thing to do is by doing a treatment by reducing the pressure amount which is located on the inflamed nerve. Usually, some options which do not require surgery options may include:
• Using the Orthotics device in which it can distribute body weight in an even manner while reduce the pressure amount on the inflamed nerve

• Using proper footwear: Too tight shoes must be avoided because it can squeeze the a wide toe box so that the metatarsal area is not having too much pressure.

• Taking Painkillers as well as anti-inflammatory medication can help reduce swelling and inflammation. Such kind of medication can also leave nerve for being decompressed.

• Using localized numbing anesthetics. Some doctors may recommend using ultrasound imaging into affected areas by injection so that there will be blocking pain action for patients.

• Applying ice blocks can help reducing levels of pain. Sometimes, Morton’s neuroma sufferers also feel burning.

• Having cortisone for injection into the affected area. The shot can produce an uncomfortable feeling, though it can deliver good result afterwards

• Having a Rest: Keeping off feet from receiving pressure can be very helpful.

Surely there will be the surgery option when the Morton’s neuroma is failing to cure by conventional treatments. A person can cure such situation when the case is severe by having surgery which may take only an hour to perform. It requires a local anesthetic so that a patient can just leave the hospital after having the surgery. It may need a small incision on either the bottom or top of the foot. It is for removing several tissues that surround the irritated nerve so that it can let nerve to decompress. The nerve may be removed entirely in some cases though it is usually avoided because it can affect the space between the toes.

After the surgery, the patient should wear aftercare requires wearing the proper shoe for keeping the foot free from pressure during the healing process which can take for about a month. Most patients who have undergone Morton’s neuroma surgical treatment can have good result in reducing pain levels.

Excessive Feet Strain

Another kind of irritation and pain which is developed in the ball of the foot is commonly caused by Metatarsalgia. It is an uncomfortable circumstance with several causes. Many people say that the foot pain may range from mild to strong and it can cause uncomfortable feeling. The symptoms may get worse when they do some activities that involve weight bearing. It commonly strikes some toes at the the base, though in particular the whole toes can get affected.

The pain mostly develops in the ball of the foot because of the too much pressure. One may suffer from pain when one likes to wear high heels, being pregnant or too much overweight or dealing with sports too actively or even when one wears too tight shoes. Older age people can also suffer from such condition and they are even prone to such conditions.

Several Options in Treatment

Some people may have found out that Metatarsalgia cases are easy to get self treatment. They include:

• Using a compression bandage that has elastic characteristic for preventing swelling
• Raising the inflamed foot above the stage of heart as it is also beneficial in reducing swelling and eliminating pain significantly
• Having a rest is is very important, because most people may be prone to have too much exercise. A person can use a cane or crutches when the affected foot is not able to support the body weight.
• Applying ice to the ball of the foot. It is better to do it in fifteen minutes at one time, as one can let the skin warm among sessions. One can use the frozen vegetable bag for the alternative of the usual ice pack

This kind of therapy can be applied for more than two days time period. Afterwards, the compression can be removed and. When there is no progress, it is urged to find medical help.

Other treatment alternatives

• Using orthotic devices for foot support . This device can also optimize foot biomechanics function and deliver cushion to the affected areas. The device will deal out body weight regularly on the whole foot area.
• Wearing flat shoes that has supports on foot with good well structured design
• Using a shock-absorbing insoles for more cushioning and protection for convenient standing or walking.
• Using NSAIDs for reducing pain and inflammation though one cannot expect to correct the basic problem
• Exercising some regions on the legs like ankle and foot gently. Afterwards, stretch the back of the ankle tendon for better treatment.

Achilles Tendonitis

It is an irritated Achilles tendon which is at the back of the ankle. It can lead to severe inflammation of several certain tissues that is afterwards referred to tendonitis.

Arthritis

As the foot pain strikes old age people, it can be due to osteoarthritis. Such cases are experienced by people in the United Kingdom who suffer from this common arthritis. This disorder can cause swelling joint tissues as well as the one in heel joint and big toe. Some foot pain cases will be regarded to rheumatoid arthritis. It can occur rarely because it is very painful. This can be an attack on the body immune system so there will be strong pain and inflammation throughout the body. The affected area can be painful and stiff when such condition occurs. Pain killers or cold therapy can be the best alternative.

Stress Fracture

It is a condition when there is a small crack in one of the foot bones. Those who suffer from this are people who participate in sports with high-impact aspects or repetitive ones like running, ballet and basketball. Stress fractures can attack lower leg exterior bone, upper mid-foot bone, heel bone and metatarsal bones.

There will be swollen and severe pain after the impact in which the affected area will be very irritating. So, it is somewhat ordinary to see a developed bruise in the affected area where there is a fracture. When one suspects that there is a fracture which has occurred in his foot, he should stop all activities and stop putting too many weights on foot. The help from medical experts is a must.

Oedema

It is a condition when there are fluids that build-up in the body tissues. They contain mainly water and it will not cause any pain when there is a routine. Usually, there will be swelling and heavy feeling in the affected during the oedema. It can strike in the whole area of the lower leg, instead of merely on the feet. A person should have medical treatment as soon as possible, especially when the swelling and pain has no indication of diminishing.

Wound from Puncture

The pain on foot can be caused by the foot tissues puncturing. In several cases, a foreign object can turn out to be embedded and have to be eliminated. So, anyone who might have stepped upon any sharp object should make throughout inspection of the feet for better initial prevention.

Recommendation

If you have foot pain in the UK and need a podiatrist or chiropodist in Birmingham visit here

 

Running and Foot Pain

 

There is at least one person in the life of everyone that is known for his habit of running. It is a natural exercise that involves the minimal overhead cost and it can be done anywhere. It is one of the most common exercises that can be pursued for fitness. But there are certain problems related to running, the most common of them is the pain and injury that running causes to the feet. It has been estimated that foot injuries account for the 15% of total injuries caused by running.

The majority of the major injuries can be attributed the ignorance and poor habits of the runners. Most of the injuries start as little irritation and annoyance, but they get worse when they are ignored for a long time. Most of the people seek treatment when they are no longer able to pursue routine running. As a matter of fact, it is by far not the best option.

Following are some of the injuries that are associated with running:

Achilles Tendonitis:

Calf muscles of the legs are connected to the heel bone through a tendon called Achilles tendon. When this tendon is put under too much pressure and is subjected to extra work, it becomes irritated, tight, hard and inflexible. If these conditions occur, chronic tendonitis may appear as a result.

Blisters and Calluses:

If a region is subjected to undue pressure, blisters and calluses may appear on the skin as a protection to pressure and friction. Most of the time, these are easily treated. But, if left untreated for a long time, they can develop deep into the skin and cause infection.

Plantar Fasciitis:

Plantar is also a band of tissues or tendon that runs across the foot from the heels to the toes via arch. If the tendon is subjected to the undue pressure and overuse, just as the Achilles tendon it can also become irritated and inflamed. In extreme cases inflammation becomes extremely severe. It is one of the most happened injuries caused to runners. The most evident sign of its development is the heel pain at morning time. But it is a fact that it is ignored by most of the runners which may end up in extreme conditions.

Stress Fractures:

Runners with a defects feet structure and disorders like over-supination and pronation may be subjected to stress fractures as in these conditions the foot is unable to properly absorb the pressure that may lead to stress fracture. Runners are vulnerable to this type of fractures as their feet are repeatedly subjected to the pressure.

 

Treatment and Prevention:

The best measure that can be taken to preserve the foot health is to get the pain or irritation treated as soon as it develops. Following are some ways that may help to preserve feet health while running.

  • Chronic plantar fasciitis should not be ignored. If you suffer with a pain in the heels that occurs on a regular basis or stress fractures, you must consult a physician to get you gait cycle examined properly. If there is a problem like over or under supination with your gait, it may be a cause of several secondary problems like chronic pain or injury.
  • Must buy a high quality shoes that can support your feet well and have integrated internal structure. Running must not be pursued in old worn out shoes.
  • If a change is required in the schedule or intensity of exercise routine, it should be incorporated slowly and gradually.
  • You must make your core strong. As healthy and strong core is the core to injury prevention.
  • You must perform warm up and cool down exercises before and after the running respectively. You must stretch your muscles before running even if it is not the most liked thing by you. Because the tight and non stretched muscle may give rise to a number of secondary problems.

You must know that foot pain is not normal as a result of running as believed by most of the people. So as long as you feel that some sort of pain is developing in your feet, get it examined as soon as possible.