Peroneal Tendonitis

Peroneal tendonitis is the damage of the peroneal tendons in our body, however, according to a recent study peroneal tendinopathy is a more suitable term to point out injuries in this tendon due to overuse. Still we will make use of the term peroneal tendonitis throughout this whole article since it is a more popular terminology that is broadly known and well recognized.

The outer part in the lower leg is the peroneal area of the body that consists of a number of muscles responsible for the movement of the ankle and the foot away from the core of the body. As these muscles stretch and contract all the pressure is laid on the tendons. When this pressure is exceedingly strong or repetitive it can cause damage to the tendons which results in inflammation and deterioration. Tendonitis subluxation and tears are also common kinds of injuries that appear in this part of the body.

There are two types of peroneal tendonitis – Acute (taking place suddenly) & Chronic (that develops over the long-run). This condition is often caused due to playing sports like tennis which requires frequent and immediate changes in direction, or extreme walking or running, or lots of jumping like in ballet and basketball. People with extraordinarily high arches are chiefly susceptible to peroneal tendonitis.

The typical peroneal tendonitis symptoms are pain on the outer area of the foot, ankle or lower leg at the time of activities that involve lifting of weights, especially when stress is being laid on peroneal tendons. An inflammation might occur in that area and the skin may appear warm to touch. There might be a slow inception of pain growing into acute pain throughout the physical activity.

Improper treatment can make the injury worse therefore accurate diagnosis is very important while handling peroneal tendonitis. This condition is normally diagnosed after a specialist carefully examines your reports which might also include an x-ray of your lower leg to assess the injury in details and to make out other kinds of damage such as ankle sprains which can take place in this condition.

Physiotherapy is a type of treatment which is very much recommended for a condition like this. It increases the speed and quality of healing process and decreases the threat of re-injury. This treatment usually includes cold therapy, massage therapy, joint mobilization exercises, stretching exercises, crutches, footwear modification, foot taping, orthotic devices, anti-inflammatory medications, flexibility and strength exercises and reintroducing physical activities gradually.

While most patients fighting peroneal tendonitis have a good outlook, the healing process may consume a lot of energy and time. The sooner the condition is diagnosed and the sooner its treatment is started the lesser amount of time it will take to cure the problem. However, there are some patients, who don’t respond to conventional treatments and so autologous blood injections or corticosteroid injections might be used in this case. Moreover, a CT scan or Ultrasound examination may be required for deeper evaluation of the tendon.

It’s very rare that a surgery is used for repairing tendons because it’s very invasive and demands a lot of time for healing and physical therapy afterwards. Peroneal tendonitis is a painful condition that needs instant diagnosis and treatment. Extra care must be taken to avoid any kind of excessive pressure on the tendons during physical activities.

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